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Social Security SSDI or SSI Impairment Related Work Expenses (IRWE)

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NC DIVISION OF SERVICES FOR THE BLIND POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION


Section:

S

Title:

Social Security SSDI or SSI Impairment Related Work Expenses (IRWE)

Current Effective Date:

02/08

Revision History:

Revised 08/05; 12/06


For either Supplementary Security Income (SSI) or Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), Social Security Administration (SSA) will deduct the cost of certain impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) and services required for the recipient to work. These costs are deducted from gross earnings when SSA decides if "countable earnings" demonstrate performance of Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA). It does not matter if these items and services are used for non-work activities. SSA will also exclude Ire’s from earned income when it figures the recipient's SSI monthly payment.

SSA will deduct IRWE for SGA purposes when:

SSA will deduct IRWE’s from SSI payment amounts when:

Following are some examples of IRWE’s that are and are not deductible.

DEDUCTIBLE

Attendant Care Services

NOT DEDUCTIBLE

Attendant Care Services

DEDUCTIBLE

Transportation Costs

The cost of structural or operational modifications to a vehicle that is needed in order to travel to work, even if it is also used for non-work purposes.

NOT DEDUCTIBLE

Transportation Costs

DEDUCTIBLE

Medical Devices

NOT DEDUCTIBLE

Medical Devices

DEDUCTIBLE

Work-Related Equipment and Assistants

NOT DEDUCTIBLE

Work-Related Equipment and Assistants

DEDUCTIBLE

Prosthesis

NOT DEDUCTIBLE

Prosthesis

DEDUCTIBLE

Residential Modifications

If recipient is employed outside of home:

If self-employed at home:

NOT DEDUCITBLE

Residential Modifications

If employed outside of home:

If self-employed at home:

DEDUCTIBLE

Routine Drugs and Routine Medical Services

NOT DEDUCTIBLE

Routine Drugs and Routine Medical Services

DEDUCTIBLE

Non-Medical Appliances and Devices

NOT DEDUCTIBLE

Other Items and Services

SSA RED BOOK, 2008

Full information on IRWE’s and all other topics related to SSA work incentives can be found in the Red Book, A SUMMARY GUIDE TO EMPLOYMENT SUPPORT FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES UNDER THE SOCIAL SECURITY DISABILITY INSURANCE AND SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME PROGRAMS (2008). The full text of the publication can be accessed at

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